Wheelchair Ramp Construction
Wheelchair ramp construction DYI projects that nearly anyone can build. Here are four ramp construction projects:
- Straight wooden ramp construction details
- Construction of a landing for a 90-degree ramp or when needed for height
- Flush design ramp construction of a doorway transition ramp to be used when a screen door is present. Adjustable legs of this doorway transition ramp allows the top of the ramp to be perfectly flush with the doorway entrance.
Wheelchair Ramp Construction
Building a Straight Wheelchair Ramp
There are three elements to this DYI wheelchair ramp construction:
- standard ramp top bracket
- standard bottom transition
- wood deck which you build
The top bracket and the bottom transition are included in the Wheelchair Ramp Kit. They are specifically designed to allow you to use standard 2 x 12 boards. These can be purchased at a home center or lumberyard. The aluminum construction brackets in our kit, create the transition to get the wheelchair or scooter onto and off of the deck. This is regardless of the slope and height of the steps. Without the top and bottom pieces, lumber is not feasible to be used as a DIY wheelchair ramp construction project. Constructing the deck is explained step-by-step in the instructions enclosed with the kit. The construction time to build this wheelchair ramp is about 2 hours. Anyone that can drill a hole can build a wooden wheelchair ramp that is safe and functional. Wood is quite heavy and any ramp more than 8-feet long will require two people. This ramp construction should be built near its permanent position if this is a one-person project. Complete instructions and materials list is included in the kit. Tools required are an electric drill, hammer, Philips screwdriver, and crescent wrench.
Building a Straight Wheelchair RampBuilding a Landing
An elevated ‘landing’ is required when a wheelchair ramp needs a 90-degree turn. An ‘Ell’ shaped ramp is composed of two straight ramps on two sides of the elevated landing. The construction of the landing is built ‘in place’ due to it’s weight. Complete wheelchair ramp construction instructions are included with a ‘kit’ order. They include step-by-step instructions with diagrams and photos, a lumber cut list that is cut at the Home Center and a materials list. The only tools needed in addition to the tools to make a straight ramp are:
- sledge hammer or 5-lb maul
- extension cord
- carpenter square
- wood shims
A DIY Ell-shaped ramp design requires you to build two straight wheelchair ramps, but you only order two top brackets and one bottom bracket. In some situations you will substitute a Flush Fit Top Board instead of the standard ‘top bracket.’ This is if one of the ramp ends is going directly into a doorway threshold with a screen door that swings outward (see Doorway Transition Ramp project below).
The landing is a one-person project since it is built ‘in place.’ Construction time to build this wheelchair ramp requires about 4 hours.
Building a Doorway Threshold Wheelchair Ramp
The Doorway Threshold Ramp accommodates doorway thresholds that have outward swinging doors, like a screen door. Our standard top bracket will not work when a screen door is present. A Threshold Ramp will have a Flush Fit Top Board that will be ordered instead of a standard top bracket. The Flush Fit Top Board has adjustable legs. This allows the end of the ramp facing the doorway to be flush with the doorway threshold. Most doorway threshold ramps are 2-3 feet long. This is to overcome a 3 to 7 inch height where an exterior door leads to a front stoop, back porch or patio. However, the Flush Fit Top Board can be used if a long ramp goes directly into a doorway with a screen door. Side guard rails are optional and are often omitted on short doorway threshold ramps. Wheelchair ramp construction time to build this style is about 1 hour and requires a standard bottom transition bracket and the Flush Fit Top Board.